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Occupational labor shortages : concepts, causes, consequences, and cures  Cover Image E-book E-book

Occupational labor shortages : concepts, causes, consequences, and cures

Barnow, Burt S. (Author). Trutko, John W. (Added Author). Piatak, Jaclyn Schede. (Added Author).

Record details

  • OCLC: ocn834136868
  • ISBN: 0880994134
  • ISBN: 9780880994132
  • Physical Description: 1 online resource (xii, 209 pages) : illustrations
    remote
  • Publisher: Kalamazoo, Mich. : W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2013.

Content descriptions

Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents: 1. Conceptual basis for identifying and measuring occupational labor shortages : Background on labor shortages ; Causes of labor shortages ; Reasons why occupational labor markets are in disequilibrium ; Adjustments to occupational shortages by employers ; Reasons labor markets may adjust slowly ; Consequences of labor shortages ; Outline of the report -- 2. Special education teachers : Background and description ; Training and recruitment of workers ; Worker characteristics ; Employment and earnings trends ; Labor market factors contributing to a shortage ; Assessment of labor market/shortage conditions ; Responses to labor market conditions ; Conclusions and recommendations -- 3. Pharmacists : Background and description ; Training and recruitment of workers ; Employment and earnings trends ; Labor market factors contributing to a shortage ; Assessment of labor market/shortage conditions ; Responses to labor market conditions ; Conclusions and recommendations -- 4. Physical therapists : Background and description ; Training and recruitment of workers ; Worker characteristics ; Employment and earnings trends ; Labor market factors contributing to a labor shortage ; Assessment of labor market/shortage conditions -- 5. Home health and personal care aides : Background and description ; Training and recruitment of workers ; Characteristics of workers ; Employment and earnings trends ; Labor market factors contributing to a shortage ; Assessment of labor market/shortage conditions -- 6. Conclusions and recommendations for further action : Conclusions from the case studies ; Utility of data used to analyze occupational shortages ; Using occupational shortage data for immigration and temporary visas ; Developing better occupational shortage data for the United States.
Summary: "Barnow, Trutko, and Piatak focus on whether persistent occupation-specific labor shortages might lead to inefficiencies in the U.S. economy. They describe why shortages arise, the difficulty in ascertaining that a shortage is present, and how to assess strategies to alleviate the shortage. Four occupations are used as test cases: 1) special education teachers, 2) pharmacists, 3) physical therapists, and 4) home health and personal care aides. For each of these occupations the authors summarize evidence that reveals whether it is currently or has recently experienced a labor shortage and suggest possible ways to alleviate the shortage if it is present. The authors close with a chapter discussing their conclusions and potential uses for occupational shortage data, including in helping determine immigration policy. They also discuss the limited nature of the occupational data currently collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and how the federal and state governments could expand their data collection efforts to assist policy formation."--Publisher's website.
Subject: Labor supply -- United States
Labor market -- United States
Occupations -- United States

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